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Topic:

Some people believe that there should be a fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

 

Essay: 謝振禮

新2代理网站Crime rates are one of few factors disrupting the way of a nation’s security, and the situation has to be put under control by punishing criminals. Some people believe that fixing the similar punishment for all those who commit each kind of crime is better, while others claim that punishment for all crimes should be flexible. On balance, it can be argued that it is unfair to punish a person without investigating the circumstances leading that person to a crime.

 

There are some good arguments for having one set of punishment for each crime. Every nation needs a system where the punishment fits the crime, not less, not more. Sentences for each type of crime should be given accordingly and having a fixed punishment is easy, fair, effective and efficient justice system. Among others, there is one important advantage about a fixed system  as, before committing a crime, people would be aware of the results and would think twice before doing it. Another advantage is that a fixed punishment for each type of crime is tailored, anticipated and expected, and not arbitrary. Still another advantage is that since the punishment for each crime has already been given in law books, judges would only have to pronounce the verdict, and there will be no more complaints about the corruption in the judiciary system.

 

新2代理网站However, this system of fixing a punishment for each type of crime can also promote a wrong message in public. Although every nation has a right to take action against a criminal, it is definitely not correct to give the same punishment to all, without knowing the nature of the crime. Therefore, a fixed punishment is not always the best way because when deciding on the punishment of a person, the conditions and incentives for committing it must be taken into account. For example, a thief is a thief, but there is a difference between one thief stealing due to hunger and another thief stealing for profit. Likewise, a murder is a murder, but there is difference between killing someone for robbery and killing someone for self-defense. In other words, punishments should be flexible enough.

 

As a whole, although there are obvious advantages about a fixed punishment for each type of crime, nevertheless it is important for judges to take into consideration the circumstances of an individual crime in the first place. Opinions may differ regarding punishments, but each must pay a price, depending on the motivation of a person. In all events, for the security of a country, crimes must be reduced. 


主題:


有些人認為每種類型的犯罪都應該有固定的懲罰。然而,另一些人則認為,在決定懲罰時,應當始終考慮到個人犯罪的情況以及犯罪的動機。討論這兩種觀點并給出你自己的觀點。給出你的答案的原因,并包括任何相關的例子,從你自己的知識或經驗


論文:謝振禮


新2代理网站犯罪率是破壞國家安全的少數因素之一,必須通過懲罰罪犯來控制局勢。一些人認為,對所有犯下各種罪行的人采取類似的懲罰措施更好,而另一些人則認為對所有罪行的懲罰應該是靈活的。總的來說,如果不調查導致一個人犯罪的情況,就懲罰他是不公平的。


新2代理网站對每一項罪行都有一套懲罰措施是有道理的。每個國家都需要一種適合犯罪的懲罰制度,而不是更少,也不是更多。對各類犯罪都要量刑,實行固定的刑罰是一種簡便、公正、有效、高效的司法制度。此外,一個固定的系統有一個重要的優點,因為在犯罪之前,人們會意識到結果,并會三思而后行。另一個好處是,對每一種犯罪的固定懲罰是量身定做的、預期的和預期的,而不是武斷的。還有一個好處是,由于每一項罪行的懲罰都已在法律書籍中公布,法官只需宣布判決,而且不會再有針對司法系統腐敗的投訴。


然而,這種針對每種犯罪類型的懲罰的固定系統也會在公共場合傳播錯誤的信息。雖然每個國家都有對罪犯采取行動的權利,但在不了解犯罪性質的情況下對所有人實行同樣的懲罰絕對是不正確的。因此,固定的懲罰并不總是最好的方式,因為在決定懲罰一個人的時候,必須考慮到實施的條件和動機。例如,一個小偷就是一個小偷,但是一個小偷因為饑餓而偷竊和另一個小偷為了利益而偷竊是有區別的。同樣的,謀殺就是謀殺,但是殺人和自衛是有區別的。換句話說,懲罰應該足夠靈活。


總的來說,雖然每種類型的犯罪都有固定的懲罰的明顯優勢,但是法官首先要考慮到個別犯罪的情況是很重要的。對于懲罰,人們的意見可能不同,但每個人都必須付出代價,這取決于一個人的動機。在任何情況下,為了國家的安全,罪行都必須減少。