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Topic

新2代理网站Some people think that universities should provide graduates with knowledge and skills needed in the workplace. Others think that the true function of a university should be to give access to knowledge for its own sake, regardless of whether the course is useful to an employer. What, in your opinion, should be the main function of a university? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

 

Essay: 謝振禮

新2代理网站A university has to have a library, but it is not just a group of buildings gathered around a library.

新2代理网站The main functions of higher education are predominantly two-fold. One is to provide graduates with work skills for employment, and the other is to give access to knowledge for its own sake, being independent of whether or not the course is useful to an employer.

 

新2代理网站On the one hand, universities have the function to equip graduates with work skills so that they can obtain viable employment. In times of high unemployment, employers have more choice of applicants and will favor those university graduates with well-rounded job skills needed in the workplace. Graduates, as candidates, may have qualifications and ‘hard skills ‘ as well as ‘soft skills’ or social skills to be able to manage the job role. Therefore, it is the obligation of higher education to teach workplace skills as part of degree courses. Hard skills that are useful to an employer can be learned from university courses, and soft skills can help students stand out and these are transferable skills from job to job throughout their career life. While the importance of hard skills is too obvious to mention, soft skills that are also useful to an employer include teamwork, presentation, time management and problem solving, etc.

 

On the other hand, for students in universities, learning is an activity fired by the desire to know, and that for it to flourish a deep love of learning must be cultivated for its own sake. The greater is the intensity of that desire, the deeper they are likely to pursue their leaning with fun and pleasure. Whether students know what they want for a first career, and are exploring a few majors, or change majors over and over again, a university education is about more than preparing students for that first job after graduation. Beyond that function, it is about preparing students for every job they will have. Also, it is about preparing them to learn and adapt over time, and to be people who make their societies better places. To put it in another way, the point of higher education is to teach students to think and to reason and to compare and to discriminate and to analyze, and goes on to handle any career (or in today’s time, many careers), all of which are useful to an employer.

 

In conclusion, universities today generally reflect a balance—whether explicit or implicit—between these two main functions. Each of these two functions has a strong contemporary resonance. Both together to make graduates useful employees and educated citizens. 


主題


一些人認為大學應該為畢業生提供工作所需的知識和技能。另一些人認為,大學的真正功能應該是為其本身提供獲取知識的機會,而不管這門課程對雇主是否有用。你認為大學的主要功能應該是什么?給出你的答案的原因,并包括任何相關的例子,從你自己的知識或經驗。


論文:謝振禮


新2代理网站大學必須有一個圖書館,但它不只是圖書館周圍的一群建筑。


高等教育的主要職能主要有兩方面。一是為畢業生提供就業所需的工作技能,二是為其本身提供獲取知識的機會,不考慮該課程是否對雇主有用。


新2代理网站一方面,大學有能力為畢業生提供工作技能,使他們能夠獲得就業機會。在失業率高企的時期,雇主有更多的申請者選擇,并會青睞那些擁有職場所需的全面工作技能的大學畢業生。畢業生,作為候選人,可能有資格和“硬技能”,以及“軟技能”或社會技能,能夠管理工作角色。因此,作為學位課程的一部分,教授工作技能是高等教育的義務。對雇主有用的硬技能可以從大學課程中學到,軟技能可以幫助學生脫穎而出,這些都是可以在職業生涯中從一份工作轉移到另一份工作的技能。雖然硬技能的重要性顯而易見,但軟技能對雇主也很有用,包括團隊合作、演示、時間管理和問題解決等。


另一方面,對于大學里的學生來說,學習是一種由求知欲激發的活動,要想激發對學習的熱愛,必須為學習本身而培養。這種渴望越強烈,他們就越有可能帶著樂趣和愉悅去追求自己的愛好。無論學生們知道自己想要的第一份職業是什么,是在探索一些專業,還是在一次又一次地換專業,大學教育不僅僅是為畢業后的第一份工作做準備。除此之外,它還包括讓學生為將來的每一份工作做好準備。同時,這也是讓他們準備好學習和適應,成為使他們的社會變得更美好的人。換句話說,高等教育的意義在于教會學生思考、推理、比較、歧視和分析,并繼續處理任何職業(或者在當今時代,許多職業),所有這些都對雇主有用。


總之,今天的大學在這兩種主要功能之間通常反映出一種平衡——無論是明確的還是隱含的。這兩個功能都有強烈的當代共鳴。兩者共同使畢業生成為有用的雇員和受過教育的公民。