中央軍委向武警部隊授旗儀式1月10日在北京八一大樓舉行。中共中央總書記、國家主席、中央軍委主席習近平向武警部隊授旗并致訓詞。

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1月10日,中央軍委向武警部隊授旗儀式在北京八一大樓舉行。中共中央總書記、國家主席、中央軍委主席習近平向武警部隊授旗并致訓詞。這是習近平向武警部隊授旗。新華社記者李剛攝

    

President Xi Jinping on Wednesday ordered the armed police force to uphold the absolute leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Xi, also general secretary of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), made the remarks at a ceremony by the CMC to confer a flag on the armed police force.
中共中央總書記、國家主席、中央軍委主席習近平向武警部隊授旗儀式并致訓詞,指出武警部隊要堅持黨的絕對領導。

“授旗”用confer a flag to表示,confer多指“授予、賦予(權力、榮譽等)”,常用的搭配為confer power/honor on someone;如果表示“請教某人,與某人商議”則可以用confer with someone表示,比如:He wanted to confer with his colleagues before reaching a decision.(他想與他的同事先商議一下再作出決定。)

習近平在訓詞中指出:

黨中央決定,調整武警部隊領導指揮體制,黨中央和中央軍委對武警部隊實行集中統一領導。這是黨中央從全面落實黨對全國武裝力量的絕對領導、堅持和發展中國特色社會主義軍事制度出發作出的重大政治決定,對實現黨在新時代的強軍目標、推進國家治理體系和治理能力現代化、實現黨和國家長治久安具有重大而深遠的意義。
新2代理网站The adjustment in the leading and command system of the armed police force, placing the armed police under the unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee and the CMC, is an important political decision the CPC Central Committee made to fully realize the absolute leadership of the Party over all armed forces and to develop a socialist military system with Chinese characteristics. The move has vital and profound effect on building a strong military for the new era and modernizing the country's system and capacity for governance.

武警部隊是黨領導的人民武裝力量的重要組成部分,在維護國家安全和社會穩定、保衛人民美好生活中肩負著重大職責,在維護政治安全特別是政權安全、制度安全中具有重要作用。
The armed police force is an important part of the people's armed forces led by the CPC and bears major responsibility in safeguarding national security and social stability, as well as protecting people's life. The armed police force plays an important role in safeguarding political security, especially the security of the political power and system.

武警部隊要加快融入全軍聯合作戰體系,加大改革創新,努力建設一支強大的現代化武裝警察部隊。
新2代理网站The armed police force should accelerate its integration into the joint combat system of the armed forces, enhance reform and innovation, and strive to build a strong and modern armed police force.

武警部隊要始終保持高度戒備,大抓實戰化軍事訓練,扎實做好執勤處突、反恐維穩等各項工作。
新2代理网站The armed police force must focus on real combat training and readiness for war, remain on high alert as always, and better deal with emergencies and terrorism.

在本月初,中央軍委舉行2018年開訓動員大會,習近平主席發布訓令。

1月3日,中央軍委隆重舉行2018年開訓動員大會(mobilization meeting),中共中央總書記、國家主席、中央軍委主席習近平向全軍發布訓令,號召全軍貫徹落實黨的十九大精神和新時代黨的強軍思想(to implement the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress and the CPC's thought on building a strong army in the new era),全面加強實戰化軍事訓練,全面提高打贏能力。

習近平在訓令中指出:

全軍各級要強化練兵備戰鮮明導向,堅定不移把軍事訓練擺在戰略位置、作為中心工作,抓住不放,抓出成效。
新2代理网站The army at all levels should enhance military training oriented at combat readiness and put military training at a strategic position and as the central work with effective results.

要堅持領導帶頭、以上率下,堅持實戰實訓、聯戰聯訓,堅持按綱施訓、從嚴治訓。
新2代理网站Leading officers should take the lead and play an exemplary role, real combat training and joint combat training should be carried out according to rules in strict governance.

要端正訓練作風、創新訓練方法、完善訓練保障、嚴格訓練監察,開展群眾性練兵比武活動。
The armed forces should conduct training in fine work style, innovate method and improve support to training, tighten up supervision, and hold events of mass training for the soldiers.

加強針對性對抗性訓練,提高軍事訓練實戰化水平,牢牢掌握能打仗、打勝仗的過硬本領。
新2代理网站The armed forces should enhance targeted and adversarial training, improve military real combat ability, and firmly grasp the capability to win battles.

全軍指戰員要堅決貫徹黨中央和中央軍委決策指示,發揚一不怕苦、二不怕死的戰斗精神。
新2代理网站Commanders and personnel should firmly implement the decisions and instructions by the CPC Central Committee and the CMC with a fighting spirit of fearing neither hardship nor death.

刻苦訓練、科學訓練,勇于戰勝困難,勇于超越對手,鍛造召之即來、來之能戰、戰之必勝的精兵勁旅,堅決完成黨和人民賦予的新時代使命任務。
新2代理网站The armed forces should train hard in a scientific way, be brave to overcome difficulties and surpass opponents, and create an elite and powerful force that is always ready for the fight, capable of combat and sure to win in order to fulfill the tasks bestowed by the Party and the people in the new era.

訓詞和訓令有什么區別?

新2代理网站授旗儀式致訓詞,動員大會發布訓令,“訓詞”和“訓令”只有一字之差,兩者到底有什么區別呢?

新2代理网站《現代漢語詞典》中解釋“訓詞”為“訓話時所說的話”,多指軍隊統帥對下級的重要指示和告誡(instructions and admonition)。“訓詞”之“訓”是“教導、訓誡”之意。

國防大學軍隊政治工作教研室副主任公方彬認為,“訓詞”的本質是領導人代表黨和人民對軍隊產生思想引領(guide the army on behalf of the Party and the people),設立價值坐標和行為規范(code of conduct)。

《現代漢語詞典》中對“訓令”的解釋為“機關曉諭下屬或委派人員時所用的公文”。軍事科學院專家認為,發布訓令(issuing an order)多用于軍令系統,作戰指揮色彩濃厚,通常是上級首長或機關下達的必須執行的命令,針對的是非常重要的事。