以前有萬國音標即D.J.音標,(Daniel Jones所創的英國音)。但隨著英語使用的范圍擴大,有些音改變了,在美國語言學John S. Kenyon和Thomas A.Knott兩位表兄弟修訂了D.J.的發音,因其姓氏第一格字母都是K,所以稱之K.K.音標。兩人所編的發音詞典A Pronouncing Dictionary of American,這是一套最常用的也是最權威的注音法,因此人們把美語標準發音慣稱為KK音標。

新2代理网站所以我們現在知道該使用哪一種音標了,那就是通常情況下,我們應該使用DJ音標。

新2代理网站1、英國音是用 DJ (Daniel Jones 1881 – 1967 英國語音學家)音標(phonetic symbols)。

2、美國音是用K.K.(John S. Kenyon 與 Thomas A. Knott美國語言學家)音標。

3、IPA 是International Phonetic Alphabet(國際音標,即英國音標)。

4、RP 是 Received Pronunciation 的縮寫,翻譯為「可接受的發音」,即英國國家廣播公司(BBC)的英語,可謂標準英語,但仍謙稱為「可接受的發音」。ting.apcrystal.com

新2代理网站現在中學教材使用了新的音標符號, 即 Daniel Jones 于1977年在English Pronouncing Dictionary( 第 14 版 ) 中所使用的新的音標符號。(主要是元音變化)。現在出版的字典每個單詞大多注有國際音標,以英國丹尼爾.瓊斯(Daniel Jones)的語音詞典最新版本(15版)為依據,為讀者提供標準英語發音。

新2代理网站Daniel Jones (1881 - 1967) was a British phonetician. He was a disciple of Paul-Edouard Passy. He wrote The Pronunciation of English in 1909 and The outline of English Phonetics in 1918. This is considered to be the first comprehensive description of Received Pronunciation. He uses the term phoneme in the current sense.

Jones uses in his theory a two-parameter diagram to visualize how vowels are produced and he promoted the term cardinal vowel. The two parameters are tongue height and lip-shape. Many later models at the end of the twentieth century are still based on this model.   www.apcrystal.com

Jones studied the phonetics of various languages. In particular for example he did an analysis of the tone in Tswana. He developed new alphabets for African and Indian languages.